Gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease. Symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen gums that may bleed easily. This early stage of periodontal disease is reversible.
In advance stage periodontal disease, the bacterial irritation causes the gums to pull away from teeth. This loose tissue forms pockets that collect more plaque bacteria. The infection, which could be painless, can destroy the gum tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. If periodontitis is not treated, the teeth may become loose, fall out, or may need to be removed.
Research suggests that there is a link between gum disease and other health concerns such as cardiovascular problems, stroke, bacterial pneumonia and increased risk during pregnancy.
When plaque is not removed daily, it absorbs minerals found in saliva. The minerals form into a hardened material called calculus or tartar. Once tartar sticks to teeth, it can only be removed professionally during dental cleaning.
Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day can help to keep your teeth clean.
It is possible to have periodontal disease and have few warning signs. This is one reason why regular dental visits are important, making it possible for Dr. Cary to help treat these problems in their early stages.
- Visit Dr. Cary if you experience any of the following:
- Gums that bleed during teeth-brushing
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- Loose or separating teeth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Dr. Cary uses periodontal therapy, and root planing and scaling to help combat gum disease.